Is there anything simulation and game theory can tell us about society? Take a moment to tinker with the following example to see how even reasonable preferences can result in segregation:
So are these patterns limited to toy examples like this? While far more dynamics and history shape the real world, consider, for example, the visualizations published by the University of Virginia compiled from census data: https://demographics.virginia.edu/DotMap/
Also HPC is being used to perfom multi-agent simulations similar to the example that everybody can run in their browser, but on much larger scales.